Type 4 hair is described as kinky hair with a definition of curls. It is very fragile (easily breaks), tightly coiled and wiry. It also has the fewest hair cuticle layers of any hair type. Type 4 hair is also well known to shrink up to about 75% of the actual hair length. There are three types of Type 4 subtypes: 4A, 4B and 4C.
Type 4A is described as having a more definite curl pattern than subtype 4B. It is not only tightly curled but when stretched out it makes more of an S shape more like curly hair.
Type 4B is described as less defined curls where the hair bends in a Z pattern and has a cotton like feel to it.
Last but not least Type 4C hair is the most fragile because of the undefined curls of the hair, and also very dry. Because it is so dry it should be treated gently and never brushed with a bristle brush because it can catch the ends and break the hair.
The suggested hair tips for Type4 hair is to start with a sulfate free cleanser, hydrating conditioner, prep with a moisturizer and a rich cream full of natural oils and rich butters. Try to steer towards products that contain natural ingredients such as:
- Curlicious Curls Cleansing Cream
- Coconut Sublime Moisturizing conditioner
- Milk protein
- Curl Ecstasy Hair Tea conditioner
- Alagio Crazy Curl Curl Enhancer Balm
- Aubrey Organics Mandarin
- Magic Ginkgo
- Leaf & Ginseng Root Hair Moisturizing Jelly
- Curls Milkshake.
The main goal that you are trying to get to when maintaining your curls is moisture, you need this in order to keep your locks healthy. It minimizes breakage and keeps the curls more subtle with elasticity, which makes them more manageable.